Heatwave in Europe

Heatwaves are becoming part of our life. Southern Europe is expected to face scorching temperatures this week, as the continent prepares for its second extreme heat wave, posing health risks and increasing the likelihood of wildfires.

World daily temperatures recorded highest in July, 2023

Following the “Cerberus” heat wave of the previous week, a new one named “Charon,” after the ferryman in Greek mythology who guides souls to the underworld, is now sweeping through Italy, Spain, and Greece. The European Space Agency has cautioned that the heat wave is only just beginning, with Italy being hit particularly hard. Temperatures in many cities are projected to soar above 40 degrees Celsius (104 Fahrenheit).

Hannah Cloke, a climate scientist and professor at the University of Reading, compared the situation to a giant oven over the Mediterranean. The influx of hot air from Africa has settled over southern Europe, leading to high pressure conditions that perpetuate the intense heat in both sea and land.

Extreme heat is not limited to Europe, as it is being felt worldwide. The head of the World Health Organization, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, called for urgent action on the climate crisis, noting that many regions are experiencing record-breaking temperatures. On Sunday, northwest China saw temperatures rise to 52.2 degrees Celsius (126 Fahrenheit), while California’s Death Valley in the United States reached nearly 52 degrees Celsius (125.6 Fahrenheit).

The planet is now at 15 consecutive days of record global surface temperatures, likely the hottest 15 days in the last 100,000+ years. Also, today’s global temperature of 17.114°C once again breached the Paris agreement, at 1.51°C over the 1850-1900 baseline.

This is Just the beginning

As the human-caused climate crisis accelerates, scientists are warning that extreme weather events like heat waves will become more frequent and intense. Global temperatures have already risen 1.2 degrees Celsius from pre-industrial levels due to the burning of fossil fuels, a clear sign of the changing climate.

Simon Lewis, the chair of global change science at University College London, emphasizes that this is just the beginning. Current global policies project a worrying 2.7 degrees Celsius warming by 2100, which is a truly alarming prospect. To secure a liveable and sustainable future for all, scientists agree that deep, rapid, and sustained reductions in carbon emissions are essential to reach net-zero, although humanity will still have to adapt to even more severe heatwaves in the future.

This is not just the all time heat record for China, it’s also the hottest temperature ever recorded north of 40 degrees latitude.

Despite overcoming desertification in China, it is still facing heatwaves that explains the need of global efforts to overcome rising temperature.

The recent records confirm the urgency of the situation. June was the hottest on record by a significant margin, with record high ocean temperatures and record low levels of Antarctic ice, as reported by the European Union’s Copernicus Climate Change Service. The trend of unprecedented heat continued into July, with the first week being the hottest week on record, according to preliminary data from the World Meteorological Organization.

On 17th July 2023, temperature of 24.49°C (76.08°F) was 4.2σ above the 1991-2020 mean. The previous high for July 17 was 23.71°C (74.68°F) in 2020. Professor Eliot Jacobson shared and Tweeted, “Wow! Wow! Wow! North Atlantic sea surface temperature anomalies are going vertical again. And yes, I needed to extend the y-axis.”

Extreme heat poses a serious threat as one of the deadliest weather phenomena. Despite reports from tourist destinations like the Acropolis and Rome that may downplay the severity of heatwaves, the reality is that such extreme weather events often result in numerous premature deaths, particularly among vulnerable populations like the elderly.

Chris Hilson, the director of the University of Reading’s Centre for Climate and Justice, highlights the importance of climate justice, as the impacts of climate change, such as extreme heat, are unequally felt. To address these challenges, cutting polluting emissions remains crucial, but authorities must also implement adaptation measures to mitigate the unequal harms. Examples of such measures include establishing “cool zones” or drop-in centers with transportation options, increasing the number of trees in residential areas, and providing appropriate and preferably renewable-powered air conditioning in care homes.

Belgium on the brink of crop failure,

As extreme heat increasingly becomes a regular occurrence during Europe’s summers, the region’s food supply is facing chronic challenges due to worsening drought conditions. Food companies are grappling with the impact of diminishing crops and escalating prices, leading to significant struggles, according to a report by De Tijd.

Temperatures are rising in Italy, Greece, and Spain

As a high-pressure anticyclone moves up from North Africa, Europe is bracing for scorching temperatures that are expected to approach or even surpass the continent’s record of 48.8 degrees Celsius (118.4 degrees Fahrenheit) set in 2021, according to the European Space Agency (ESA).

Rome crushes its all-time temperature record by two degrees–two degrees *Celsius.*

Corresponding to mercury rise in Italy, David Hughes, Huck Chair in Global Food Security at Penn State. Director of USAID Innovation Lab on Current and Emerging Threats to Crops, Founder of PlantVillage, tweeted “We are not frogs in a pot of water on a stove. We are Homo sapiens- the intelligent ape. We need to use this intelligence and make the right decisions. Quickly!”

Italy will experience the peak of the heat wave between Monday and Wednesday, with temperatures projected to exceed 45 degrees Celsius (113 degrees Fahrenheit) in some regions. Nighttime temperatures will remain high, providing little relief from the heat.

A continuous un-noticed rise in temperature may lead desertification in Europe. According to estimates Humans have chopped the total number of trees in half since their advent on surface. Today, we harvest 15 billion trees per year and replant only 5 billion a net loss of 10 billion trees per year.

In response to the extreme heat, Italian authorities have advised people to stay hydrated, opt for lighter meals, and avoid direct sunlight between 11 a.m. and 6 p.m.

Due to the expected heatwave that will last through next week, the Italian health ministry has issued a red alert for 16 cities, including Rome, Bologna, and Florence. According to Italian media, Sardinia will experience a temperature of 48°C (118.4°F). This is not “normal”.

Greece is also grappling with temperatures surpassing 40 degrees Celsius (104 degrees Fahrenheit), leading authorities to close the Acropolis in Athens from noon to 5 p.m. local time on Friday and over the weekend.

In Spain, cities such as Seville, Cordoba, and Granada have experienced temperatures of 40 degrees Celsius, even in typically cooler regions like Navarra in the north.

The ground temperature in some areas of Spain has hit more than 60C! (140F) Sixty C! This is no longer a “Holiday” destination – #Spain is now a torturous sweatshop. You can’t sustain crops in this heat for long – nor a society, tweeted Peter Dynes.

The heatwave has heightened the risk of wildfires across the affected areas. In Spain’s Canary Islands, wildfires on the island of La Palma have already devastated thousands of hectares of land, destroyed homes, and prompted the evacuation of numerous people. Fires have also broken out on the island of Tenerife, forcing evacuations and causing significant damage.

In Greece, over 500 firefighters are battling four separate wildfires. The fires have resulted in evacuations, including 1,200 children from a summer camp in the area of Loutraki. The largest of the wildfires southeast of Athens rapidly expanded, leading to protective evacuations in nearby areas.

Even in Italy, wildfires have posed a threat, with a fire in Catania on the island of Sicily forcing the closure of the airport until Wednesday. The region had been under a hot weather red alert.

Tens of millions under extreme heat alert from USA to China to Europe Temp records exploding from 52 C in China to possible 50 C in Europe 25 million acres burned in Canada so far

As temperatures continue to soar, authorities and firefighting teams are working tirelessly to control the fires and protect communities from the extreme conditions.

Way Forward

Human Population within resources

With increased facilities, Population is increasing unchecked

Human population control is a crucial and complex issue that demands immediate attention. With the global population exceeding 8.1 billion, the strain on resources and ecosystems is becoming increasingly unsustainable. Effective population control involves ethical and practical considerations, aiming to strike a balance between individual reproductive rights and ensuring a sustainable future for our planet. Implementing comprehensive family planning programs, promoting education, empowering women, and raising awareness about the consequences of overpopulation are essential steps in managing population growth. Additionally, addressing socio-economic disparities and promoting access to healthcare and contraceptives are vital in achieving a more balanced and stable human population, safeguarding the well-being of both current and future generations.

Renewable Energy Resources

Renewable energy resources play a vital role in mitigating climate change and securing a sustainable future for our planet. Their importance stems from their ability to harness naturally replenishing sources like sunlight, wind, water, and geothermal heat, reducing our reliance on finite fossil fuels. By transitioning to renewables, we can curb greenhouse gas emissions, combat air pollution, and conserve valuable ecosystems. Additionally, renewable energy promotes energy independence, fosters innovation, and creates jobs in the clean energy sector. Embracing these resources bolsters global energy security and ensures a cleaner, greener world for generations to come, driving us towards a more environmentally conscious and resilient society.

All the trains in the Netherlands run entirely on renewable energy. World Economic Forum

Seoul is putting solar panel on ALL public buildings & over one million homes saving over half a million tonnes CO2 every year.

Denmark is building an island to provide enough wind energy to power the entire country. It will consist of 600 giant wind turbines and aims to complete construction by 2030.

Even when it’s stormy, tidal power keeps creating energy. Tidal project O2 in Scotland aims to produce energy from tides.

Flower-inspired turbines can help you save on energy costs. The two-bladed Wind Tulip turbine developed by @flowerturbines can produce clean energy from any direction with an estimated energy output of 6000 to 12000 kWh per year.

In a Summary, Eight things the world must do to avoid the worst of #ClimateCrisis

1. Stop methane emissions

2. Stop deforestation

3. Restore degraded land

4. Change what we eat

5. Go #RenewableEnergy

6. Use energy more efficiently

7. Stop burning #FossilFuels

8. #ActNow

Possible Impacts

Gulf Stream current could collapse in 2025, plunging Earth into climate chaos: ‘We were actually bewildered’

Gulf stream could collapse as early as 2025 This would have disastrous consequences around world, severely disrupting rains that billions of people depend on for food in India, South America and west Africa Increase storms and drop temperatures in Europe

A simplified animation of the global AMOC "conveyor belt", with surface currents shown in red and deep sea ones in blue.

A simplified animation of the global AMOC “conveyor belt,” with surface currents shown in red and deep sea currents in blue. (Image credit: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center Scientific Visualization Studio)

Global Food Supply At Risk As Climate Change Triggers Havoc Worldwide

Global food supply sees a new threat as scorching temperatures and extreme weather conditions worldwide have triggered crop failures, reduced fruit production, and diminished dairy output, worsening food security and price concerns. Recent developments, such as India’s ban on rice exports and Russia’s exit from a grain deal with Ukraine, have added to the uncertainties. The situation is further complicated by the arrival of the El Niño weather pattern, which could cause additional damage to agriculture.

Infrastructure and construction will come under severe pressure as global temperatures rise

At least ‘two people killed and several trapped’ after bridge collapses in Greece

On July 23, 2023, a tragic incident occurred in Patras, Greece, where a bridge collapsed, resulting in fatalities. The exact number of casualties has not been mentioned in the provided link. The incident has raised concerns and sorrow as rescue efforts are underway to find and assist those affected.

Rising Temperature of North Atlantic Ocean Basin

Average sea surface temperatures for June 2023 across the north Atlantic were the warmest in the ERA5** record for the time of year by a very large margin, at 0.91°C above average. This is around 0.5°C more than the previous warmest June, recorded in 2010. The anomalous warmth is particularly striking in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean, at 1.36°C above average for the month as a whole.

Daily sea surface temperature anomaly (°C) averaged over the northeastern Atlantic region during 2023 (black line) and for previous years from 1979 to 2022 (red and blue lines). Data source: ERA5. Credit: Copernicus Climate Change Service/ECMWF.

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